The domestic cat is the subspecies of the domestication of the wildcat, a carnivorous mammal of the family Felidae.

He is one of the main pets and today has about fifty different breeds recognized by the certification bodies. In many countries, the cat is part of the domestic carnivore legislation like the dog and the ferret. Essentially territorial, the cat is a predator of small prey such as rodents or birds. Cats have various vocalizations including purring, meowing, felting or grunting, although they communicate primarily through facial and body positions and pheromones.

According to the results of work carried out in 2006 and 20071, the domestic cat is a subspecies of the wild cat (Felis silvestris) derived from ancestors belonging to the subspecies of the African wildcat (Felis silvestris lybica). The first domestication took place 8,000 to 10,000 years ago in the Neolithic in the Fertile Crescent, a time corresponding to the beginning of the cultivation of cereals and the storage of reserves likely to be attacked by rodents, the cat becoming then for Man a useful auxiliary for domestication.

First venerated by the Egyptians, it was demonized in Europe in the Middle Ages and only regained its nobility in the 18th century. In Asia, the cat is synonymous with luck, wealth or longevity. This feline has left its mark on popular and artistic culture, both through popular expressions and various representations in literature, painting or music.

The domestic cat


In nature, cats make their own choices when it comes to meeting their nutritional needs, but we must make those choices for our domesticated cats. Cats are carnivores; those in the wild eat 90% protein and 10% carbohydrates and greens.
A cat’s dietary needs are very different from a dog’s, and a cat will not do well on a diet made for dogs. Cats need wet food because 70% of their water intake comes from wet food. Cats also need more protein and fat than a dog might. Felines require certain vitamins, like retinol and niacin, and certain amino acids, such as taurine, daily. Taurine, found only in animal tissue, is essential for good eyesight.
Protein, which is made up of amino acid chains, is the backbone of all growth and tissue repair in a cat. Cats need a high-protein diet, as protein is their primary source of energy. Protein is also used in the processes of circulation and kidney function and to maintain the support structure of the cat’s body (ten-dons, bones, muscles, and ligaments). The best sources of digestible protein for cats are chicken, beef, fish, eggs, and dairy products like cottage cheese and yogurt.
Cats don’t have the same need for carbohydrates as dogs because they get a lot of the calories they need from other sources. This doesn’t mean that you have to stop feeding carbohydrates; your cat just may not need as many.
Since a cat’s diet consists mainly of protein, fat, and water, vegetables and fruits are not as necessary as they are for dogs. However, they are good sources of vitamins, minerals, and fiber. Fiber helps keep a cat regular and prevents hairballs, which, if not taken care of, can cause an intestinal blockage. Therefore, fruits and vegetables can be added to your cat’s daily diet and will only benefit your pet.
Fats are the most concentrated source of energy for your cat. Fat is an excellent source of linoleic and arachidonic acids, which are essential for a healthy skin and coat. Fat also provides vitamins A, D, E, and K. Cats’ livers metabolize fat for energy. What fat the body doesn’t use is stored or released through urine. A cat with a fat deficiency will not grow well and will have dandruff and dry hair. She may become listless and can be more susceptible to disease or infection.
A cat’s vitamin and mineral needs, while basically the same as a dog’s, can be more challenging to meet.
Here is a list of the vitamins and minerals that are essential to a cat’s good health:



• Vitamin A is used by the eyes, reproductive organs, and skin.

• Vitamin B: As there are several B vitamins, I have listed them separately. Vitamin B-12 and niacin are used for the functions of enzymes in the body. Pantothenic acid is used to metabolize energy. Riboflavin is used for the functions of enzymes in the body. Thiamine (vitamin B-1) is used for energy and to metabolize carbohydrates.

• Vitamin D helps maintain mineral status, phosphorus balance, and skeletal structure.

• Vitamin E defends against oxidation damage.

• Vitamin K helps with blood clotting, bone protein, and other proteins.

• Folic acid is used to metabolize amino acids and helps synthesize protein.

• Calcium is used in the formation of bones and teeth, muscle contraction, transmission of nerve impulses, and blood clotting.

• Chlorine helps with the acid/base balance in the body.

• Copper helps the body metabolize iron and form blood cells and connective tissues.

• Iodine aids in thyroid hormone utilization, growth and development, and metabolic rate regula-tion.

• Iron helps with metabolizing energy and utilizing hemoglobin and myaglobin.

• Magnesium assists with the structure of bones and teeth, is used in enzyme functions, and helps with hormone secretion and function.

• Manganese aids in neurological and enzyme functions and the development of bones.

• Phosphorus assists with DNA and RNA structures, locomotion, and metabolism of energy and balances the acid/base ratio.

• Potassium helps with transmitting nerve impulses and enzyme reactions.

• Selenium helps the body’s immune response and defends against oxidation.

• Sodium helps balance the acid/base ratio and helps with the generation and transmission of nerve impulses.

• Zinc promotes healthy skin, healing of wounds, and utilization of proteins and carbohydrates.

Commercial pet food manufacturers add vitamins and minerals to dry and canned foods to ensure a balanced diet. Although the meals in this book are healthy and well-balanced, make sure to add a vitamin/mineral supplement (choose one specially formulated for cats, made of natural whole-food ingredients, and containing no preservatives or artificial ingredients) to make the meal nutritionally complete. Your vet can help you determine the proper vitamins and minerals to give to your cat in sup-plement form. Never add a supplement before or during the cooking process, or when food is still hot.

The Nutrients a Cat Needs


When considering home cooking for your pets, it is very important that you consult your pet’s veterinar-ian—just as you would consult your doctor before changing your own diet. Even though I have written this book with Dr. Kevin, we can’t stress enough that every dog and cat is different. Always err on the side of caution and safety.

Even after the pet food recall, I haven’t completely taken my pets off their regular kibble. Some com-mercially made foods are very good for pets, containing the correct amounts of vitamins, minerals, and nutrients. I mix commercial kibble with homemade kibble and supplement with loaves, soups, stews, and casseroles. Each pet also gets a multivitamin every day. If you are thinking of putting your pet on an entirely homemade diet, you must learn about a dog’s or cat’s specific nutritional and caloric needs and resting energy requirements (also known as RER). Please seek the help of a veterinary medical profes-sional.
When making changes to your pet’s diet, you must do so gradually, allowing his digestive system time to adjust. I suggest that you take about 2 weeks for the process so that your pet is less likely to have stom-ach upset or diarrhea.


• Days 1–4: Feed 75% of the old food and 25% of the new food.

• Days 5–8: Feed 50% each of old and new food.

• Days 9–12: Feed 25% of the old food and 75% of the new food.

• Day 13 and on: Feed all new food.


If your pet has allergies, it is especially important to check with your veterinarian before cooking for your furry friend. Note that all the recipes in this book allow for substitutions. For example, if your dog is allergic to wheat, you can try rice flour instead.

Adding Home-Cooked Meals to Your Pet’s Diet

Cats can be live savers, and this particular scenario proves it. Meet Svetlana Petrova, a Russian artist. Svetlana was in depression after her mother passed away, but luckily, she met a very talented and loving cat and adopted him. By her own admission, Svetlana believes that the cat saved her from the perils of depression.
Over the course of time, Svetlana and the cat, Zarasthustra, developed a strong bond. They understood what the other liked and disliked. And this is when Svetlana first discovered Zarasthustra’s uncanny posing ability. Apparently, the cat loved posing for photos! Every time the lens fell on the cat, she immediately got into the pose with an expression screaming “Paint me like one of those French girls!”.
And Zarasthustra could not have chosen a better human to be adopted too. A posing cat and an artist, they were destined for great things!
And great things they have done. Svetlana decided that she would start inserting her cat into famous and popular paintings like the Mona Lisa and Joconde. The result- a cute and hilarious collection of cat photos that any cat lover would instantly fall in love with!
Have a look at the photos below for yourself!











This Artist Inserts Her Ginger Cat In All Of The Famous Paintings and it’s AWESOME!

Mothers are really proud of their young ones and showing them off is their favorite thing. It not only gives a boost to their confidence but also gives an opportunity to their children to socialize. It also helps the little one to come out of their shell.
The mama cat is no different. She took her little kittens to introduce them to a dog, her best friend!
Surprised? Aren’t you?
We have heard since time immemorial that cats and dogs are enemies. But they best friends! Well, my friends! You heard it right. These two are closer than you and your best friend.
The cat even takes a quick nap while her kittens are safe with the dog, her best friend. You will be awed to see how gently the little kittens are treated by the dog which even lets them bat at his paws. It’s just the most beautiful thing in the world. A dog taking care of the little kittens! I know you can’t wait to see them. The dog cares for the kitties so much so that the mother cat starts feeling left out in a while. The mother cat is left with no option but to be a part of the frolic experience.
Take a look at this amazing video capturing their playful moments!

Mother Cat Brings Her Kittens To Meet An Unlikely Old Friend [Video]

Insecticides

If you use insecticides in your house or on your plants please make sure you keep your cataway from these parts until the insecticide dries or settles as like insecticides are poisonous to humans they are poisonous to cats as well.

 Chemical Cleaners

Although natural products that are used for cleaning are somehow safe, concentrated chemical products that are used for cleaning can cause chemical burns to your cat and can be toxic if ingested.

 Glowing Jewelry and Stuff

Cats are generally attracted to anything that glows. And like little children, they might want to try these glowing stuff by putting them in their mouth. So please make sure you keep all your jewelry and glowing stuff away from your cat.

Medications

Like little children as well, cats may ingest pills and capsules if they come to their reach. Many of these medications can contain chemical substances that are toxic to cats, damaging their red blood cells and causing liver and heart failure.

Dog Products

Never use dog products, especially the flea products, on your cat. Such products can have ingredients that slowly and painfully kill your cat.

Beware of These 5 Cat Poisons!

We know cats are weird, but why do they love boxes? Is it safe, warm, and comforting or simply a good place to hide and stalk their prey? Perhaps all of the above.

 

File it under weird things cats do! Last month, a viral tweet inspired thousands of people to engage in some rather weird behavior themselves: taping a square to the floor and seeing if their cat would sit in it. Evidently, a lot of feline friends ended up sitting in these pretend-boxes their people made, according to the Washington Post. But why? Why do cats love boxes—even outlines of boxes?
Well, why do cats do anything they do? People have been trying to figure that out for the past 4,000 years. Feline behavioral scientists say that cats love boxes because seeking out confined spaces is instinctual in the larger species from which the domesticated cats evolved. Out in the wild, confined spaces allow felines to hide from predators and stalk their prey, according to Live Science. A study out of Utrecht University in the Netherlands showed that hiding in boxes significantly reduces kitty stress levels and can even make cats more willing to interact with humans overall. Another study suggests that they may be drawn to boxes because they are more comfortable at a higher temperature than most of us keep our homes. Thus, the box provides them with a way to stay warm by conserving body heat.
One Reddit user posited that the ancient Egyptians bred what we now know as the domesticated cat to have a natural preference for sitting in boxes because it helped to keep their cherished pets from wandering. “By the hundredth generation or so, even the outline of a box was enough…and that trait is still present in them to this day,” this Redditor goes on to hypothesize. It’s not exactly scientific. But it could help to explain why a cat would be drawn to a tape-on-the-floor box. On the other hand, take a look at this photo. This feline doesn’t look the least bit fooled.
Wish you had a secret cat decoder? Sorry. But this guide to the 17 things your cat would love to tell you comes pretty close.

Why Your Cat Loves Boxes, According to Science

A new study published in Anthrozoos, the official journal of the International Society for Anthrozoology, has some researchers worried that certain kitties get a bad rap simply because of their looks.
Researchers at the University of California, Berkeley, asked 189 cat lovers to rate black, white, bi-colored, tri-colored (tortoiseshell or calico) and orange cats’ personalities on a scale of one to seven based on their tendencies to be active, aloof, bold, calm, friendly, intolerant, shy, stubborn, tolerant and trainable. Results showed that orange and bi-colored cats were perceived as friendly while black, white and tri-colored cats were deemed more antisocial. White cats were considered to be more shy, lazy and calm, while tortoiseshell cats were viewed as intolerant, though more trainable.
Participants stated that personality is the main factor behind their kitty choice, but researchers said their answers indicated that color played a conscious or unconscious role in their final cat choice.  There could be “serious repercussions for cats,” they said, if people believe that certain colored cats are friendlier or have more desirable traits than others.
Why is that? Each year, up to 8 million cats and dogs end up at animal shelters, according to the Humane Society of the United States, and some face challenges from the get-go—black cats and dogs, for example, are supposedly “the last to be adopted and the first to be euthanized.”
So there you have it: Don’t judge a cat by its color the  next time you’re searching for a feline friend.

Do You Judge a Cat by Its Color?

Making biscuits, kneading dough, marching—whatever you call it, kneading is a weird cat quirk. They look like they’re in a trance as they lift one paw, then the other, again and again on a soft surface.


Not all cats knead, and they don’t all knead in the same way. Most cats only use their front paws, but some use all four; some kitties bring their claws out, and others don’t. A cat kneading at your lap might hurt, but your kitty doesn’t have any bad intentions.
Even when they’re too young for their eyes to open, kittens need to knead, says Katy Nelson, DVM, Virginia-based veterinarian and Freshpet ambassador. Nursing kitties push around when suckling to get their mother’s glands to release more milk, she says. No one is totally sure why the habit lasts through adulthood, but there are a few theories.
For one thing, because felines grow up associating kneading with the comfort of Mama Cat and her milk, the habit might be soothing. They don’t think about food when they do it anymore, but it’s just plain relaxing, as evidenced by the mad purrs you might hear while they do it. (Find out the surprising reason cats purr.) “Like a kid sucking a thumb, it’s a calming thing,” says Dr. Nelson. “A lot of cats have their eyes closed and look like they’re completely zenned out.”

Another theory is that cats knead to mark their territory. Cats have scent glands in two places: their faces and paws. When felines rub their faces against the furniture or go to town on a scratching post, they’re leaving their scent—and same goes for kneading. Paws are the only places where cats sweat, which means rubbing them against something leaves that smell, says Dr. Nelson.
Others think kneading might span back to housecats’ ancestors. Wild cats didn’t have the soft blanket that your domestic kitty might love, so they had to make the ground as comfy as possible, says Dr. Nelson. Pushing at the grass might have helped soften it up to “get their bed just right,” she says.
 
 Innocent as the habit is, you might still get annoyed when your kneading cat digs its claws into your lap or furniture. Kneading makes cats happy, says Dr. Nelson, so instead of stopping your pet from doing its thing, just keep its claws short. “Keep the nails trimmed so it’s not painful, and not messing up your blanket or your couch,” she says.

What’s Up with That Weird Kneading Cats Do?


RadCat is having a voluntary recall and we inadvertently fed our cats the contaminated food!
Yes, before the recall was announced, WE bought one of the offending foods(the Turkey – but Chicken and Beef were affected too).
And. Fed. It. To. Our. Cats.
Twice (sort of).
YIKES!
But first, don’t panic. We haven’t heard any tragic reports as a result of these bad batches, and it’s unlikely there will be any (more on why in a minute).

What I learned + what happened

Even the most compulsive eater of a cat will notice something is “off” before your human nose can detect it.

I was amazed that our cat Joel, who will rapidly wolf down every food known to man, ate a few bites and then walked away from this RadCat. Our other cat who loves RadCat wasn’t very interested either. But, they were hungry so they ate a few hesitant bites. Also, I put enticing sprinkles on it to encourage them! (Oh the horror!) I regret that I wasn’t suspicious, but I didn’t know about the recall and I had sniffed it myself and didn’t smell anything weird. Regrettably, they had a few bites the next day too. We will never make this mistake again!

Within 2-3 days, the contaminated food develops a more gummy texture and starts smelling AWFUL.

At this point, it becomes obvious to the human! (I’m so thankful that the cats could smell it before it was detectable to us.)

You may not see an illness reaction right away.

We thought our cats came through with flying colors, but then one threw up a whole meal a few days later, and the other cat did the same the following day. Listeria tends to take at least three days and sometimes even a few weeks to kick in. Salmonella takes 12 to 72 hours to show up. (The symptoms to watch for are vomiting, diarrhea, lethargy and/or fever. It is recommended that you contact a vet if your cat suffers from these symptoms.)

You may not see a reaction in your cat at all – you may have one though.

It’s uncommon for cats to become ill from Salmonella or Listeria because they have a very acidic digestive system that neutralizes a lot of bacteria and because they will avoid eating the bad food. They also can shed these bacteria in their feces without much fanfare. Our local holistic pet food store says it’s more common that the humans experience symptoms from handling bad cat food. Indeed, both my husband and I had an afternoon of mild nausea and abdominal cramping a few days after we handled the bad food. However, we may have been exposed through our cats more than through the food itself: infected but otherwise healthy pets can be carriers and infect humans.

If you regularly add probiotics to your cat’s food, it’s probably going to help limit a reaction.

We frequently add probiotics to our cat’s food, and while they did each throw up once – it was only once, and…

…Recovery went well.

After we realized they had eaten the bad food, we observed them closely and gave them probiotics with every meal for a few weeks. We also had them skip a meal after they threw up and then gave them plain chicken bone brothfor their next meal after that. (Important: make sure the broth contains NO garlic or onions, which can cause hemolytic anemia in cats. We chose bone broth because it has more digestive healing properties and protein than plain old meat broth.) By the next morning, they were hungry, ate heartily, and all has been well since.

Conclusions and observations

At the end of the day, I am relieved. The “worst” happened, we are all ok, and I learned that the risk is very limited, even if a healthy cat is exposed to the bacteria.
It does underscore the idea of avoiding raw food for cats with a compromised immune system though.
And, we are still fans of RadCat.
I am still convinced that raw food, done right, is one of the healthiest options for cats. Unlike cooked and processed food, it supplies active enzymes, making the nutrients highly available and the food more easily digestible.
And I still believe that RadCat is one of the best cat food options out there. I have no financial relationship with RadCat whatsoever, I just really think their simple, human-grade ingredients are superior and they do their best to do the right thing:
  • They run their own manufacturing plant.
  • They operate their plant under the same guidelines for human food facilities, which includes a quality assurance plan, and environmental and product testing programs.
  • They use an HACCP safety system, which is recognized by the USDA and FDA as preventive approach to food safety.
  • All of their meats are rinsed with ozonated water, which is an anti-microbial treatment and they use high pressure processing (HPP) to prevent bad bacteria.
So, how did this happen to RadCat then?
Here’s what they have to say about it: “Raw meat and poultry can contain pathogens, such as Salmonella and Listeria. This contamination can occur at the time of slaughter and be present on the meats and poultry when they enter our plant. There are tolerance levels for these pathogens in the human food chain, but no tolerance for raw pet food. That is why we have a comprehensive testing program and take intervention steps such as HPP and use ozone in our processing and sanitation.
As of this time, we have no definitive answer as to how these bacteria were found in our products. All of our testing with an independent third party lab has revealed clean results, which includes a comprehensive sampling of our food processing environment, which was sampled again, immediately after we were notified about the results from the FDA.”
If you’re concerned, go to RadCat’s FAQ to learn more and make sure you don’t have a tainted batch.
In the mean time, remember, if your cat suddenly seems repelled by a food he usually likes: the cat’s nose knows!

Raw cat food recall: our cats ate some! Here’s what happened…

Dog listeners do wonders for a child learning to read.
Sandi Martin, RN, always wanted a dog. But as manager of a Salt Lake City hospital’s intensivecare burn unit, she had a demanding job with unpredictable hours. Plus, during her free time, she gave talks at professional meetings on critical care and ethics. It was the job or a dog.
Martin chose a dog.
In 1999, she resigned from her job at the hospital and took a position with a community outreach program with a less stressful work schedule. She cut back on her presentations and bought a house. Then she started to look for a dog.
On one of her weekend outings, she went to the Salt Lake County Animal Shelter. She hadn’t intended to adopt a puppy, but when she saw a playful little Portuguese Water Dog with big feet, a big head and a tail that bent over her back, Martin fell in love. The pup, who had been at the shelter for 10 days, was scheduled to be euthanized the following Monday. Martin took her home and named her Olivia.
A little while after Olivia came into her life, Martin was talking with Kathy Klotz, the director of Intermountain Therapy Animals (ITA), which had developed programs that brought dogs into therapeutic settings. At the hospital, Martin had seen firsthand how children with burns responded in a positive way to the ITA dogs.
In Martin’s experience, many of these children lacked focus, didn’t look forward to doing any of the tasks they were given and generally had low self-esteem across the board. But when they interacted with therapy animals, they seemed to develop more confidence in themselves. They forgot their limitations. Their focus improved, and they became more interested and involved in what they were asked to do.
Thinking about the remarkable turnarounds the dogs facilitated, the proverbial light bulb went off in Martin’s head. Could dogs do the same for children who had trouble reading? The next day, she called Klotz and arranged to meet up so she could run her idea past her.
Over coffee, Martin explained what she wanted to do: A lot of children with reading problems weren’t performing up to their grade level because they lacked confidence and self-esteem. Maybe letting them interact with a dog while they were reading would help them in the same way dogs were helping burn victims.
Their next step was to talk to the city library’s staff. Klotz says they thought the idea was “wacko,” but they listened. Nothing like it had ever been done. What if it worked? What if bringing dogs into the library and having them listen to children read aloud would make them more confident? It didn’t take long to find out.
Dog Day Afternoons
In November 1999, Martin and Klotz got permission to start a “Dog Day Afternoons.” It began with six children and six animals: five dogs (Olivia among them) and one cat. One of the first children who agreed to sit down with Olivia was a seven-year-old boy. Before he started, he looked at his shoes and in a quiet voice said, “I don’t read very well.”
“That’s okay,” Martin told him. “Olivia doesn’t either, but she loves to listen.”
Reluctantly, the boy began reading softly, turning to Olivia after every word. The next week, he brought his “Spot” book with him and read it to Olivia, pronouncing half the words correctly, a big improvement from the previous week. On the fourth week, he rushed into the library and in a loud voice announced, “Olivia, program at the local library called I’ve got a really cool book to read to you.”
Other children had equally remarkable experiences. A young girl who didn’t want to take part in the program but was persuaded to do so by her grandmother improved so much that a few years later, she won her school’s essay contest. The title of her essay was “Why Would You Want to Read to a Dog?”
There were other success stories. A sixth-grade boy who had recently come from Bosnia walked into the room with his hands behind his back. Though he wouldn’t come up to the dogs, he asked questions. Martin asked him if he would like to pet one of the dogs.
Therapy Dogs Help Children’s Reading Skills

“I can’t,” he said. “It’s against my religion.” The boy was Muslim, and devout Muslims are taught that dogs are not to be touched. Martin was surprised—she wasn’t aware of this prohibition—but said he didn’t have to touch the dog; he could just read to him. Reluctantly, the boy sat down next to one of the dogs and began reading. The boy returned every week, selecting the same dog each time but never petting him. As with all the children in the program, there was a noticeable improvement in his reading. Later that year, the students in his class were asked to write an essay on what they wanted to be when they grew up. The boy who wasn’t allowed to touch dogs wrote that he wanted to be a veterinarian.
Next, Martin approached local elementary schools. Many of the teachers were skeptical, but after principals gave their approval, some agreed to participate. Once a week for 20 minutes, children who were having difficulty sat down with Olivia or one of the other dogs in the program and read aloud to them. The teachers could see an immediate improvement. At the end of the year, some had improved by two to four reading grades. Children who used to slide down in their chairs when it came time for reading aloud would now raise their hands. Teachers were delighted.
There were also some unexpected benefits. Concerned about a little girl’s bad breath, Martin made an appointment for her with the school dentist. Although Martin thought cavities might be the cause, it turned out to be a more easily remedied problem: the girl wasn’t brushing her teeth.
As a way to introduce the subject of brushing, Martin asked the girl if Olivia had dog breath. The girl sniffed Olivia’s mouth and said that no, she didn’t. Martin told the girl that Olivia brushed her teeth every day, then offered to bring the girl a toothbrush and toothpaste so she could brush too. The girl agreed, and Martin gave her the book Dog Breath to read to Olivia. The next time the girl saw Olivia, she blew at her and said proudly, “See, Olivia, I don’t have dog breath anymore.”
Sadly, Olivia succumbed to cancer when she was a little more than two years old. By then attached to Portuguese Water Dogs, Martin adopted another one, named her Zelda and incorporated her into the reading program. When Salt Lake City opened its new library in 2003, Zelda pulled the opening ribbon.
Reading With Rover
In Washington state, Becky Bishop, owner of a dog-therapy business in Woodinville, heard about the R.E.A.D. program at her local library. Bishop and her dogs visited people in hospice, and she noticed that while the people felt better after a visit, the dogs seemed to come away somewhat depressed. In 2000, looking for a way to perk up her dogs, she wondered if a library reading program for children might also be therapeutic for her dogs. Bishop described what happened next in an article in Edutopia magazine.
As soon as she brought her dogs to the library, both the children and the dogs lit up. Parents told her about the improvements their children had made in reading aloud after coming to the library every Saturday to read to the dogs, and her dogs seemed to be much less depressed after interacting with the children.
When teachers heard about the program, many wanted to bring dogs into their classrooms, but there was a problem: not all school districts allow dogs in the classroom. Not willing to give up, these teachers discovered that if they could get the dogs and their trainers screened and certified, the school district would relent. The dogs have become “rock stars” for the children, says Brian Daly, one of the teachers who got his school district to let him bring dogs into his second-grade class.
Bishop’s program, loosely based on R.E.A.D., is now known as Reading With Rover. The community-based nonprofit has more than 75 dog-and-trainer teams that regularly visit libraries, bookstores and, yes, schools in the Seattle area.

Therapy Dogs Help Children’s Reading Skills


You’ve heard the heartwarming stories: Dog meets cat. Cat loves dog. They bond and are best buds forever.
But the real world is a different story, animal behaviorists say. Whether you’re introducing a new cat to a dog, or vice versa, it’s worth remembering that cats are from Mars, dogs are from Venus.
“There’s a reason there are no cat parks,” says Pam Johnson-Bennett, animal behaviorist and author of eight books, including Think Like a Cat. “Cats don’t run up to a strange cat and say, ‘Hey! Let’s play.’” Most cats are essentially solitary and territorial, a phenomenon rooted in their wild ancestry. Felines lay claim to their turf, and will fight invaders fiercely; they need “home” to be a predictable, safe place. What does this mean when it comes to introducing dogs and cats? Following are a few suggestions that can make the meet-up more successful.
Take it slowly. “If I’m a cat, and a new dog is coming through the door, I’m thinking, ‘invasion!’” Johnson-Bennett says. “The cat doesn’t know if the dog is friend or foe.” Restrain the dog on a leash and always provide the cat with an escape route. “Cats need to [be able to] get away,” says animal behaviorist Sarah Wilson, author of the blog, My Smart Puppy. “It helps to use baby gates, just to give the cat a safe place to run to.” A sturdy, well-installed cat tree will give the cat a vertical escape route, which many prefer.
If you’re bringing a new cat home from the shelter, do not let your dog rush up to the cat carrier. Instead, take the cat to his own safe room, if possible, and let him hide as long as he needs to. “I’ve had cats who stayed in the linen closet for months,” Wilson notes. “They came out at night and scoped the territory while the dog stayed in the bed-room with the door closed. And that was fine.”
Animal behavior consultant Chris Shaughness, author of Puppy Mill Dogs SPEAK!, recommends rubbing a washcloth or towel over your dog, then letting your cat sniff the cloth. “If the cat hisses, never scold,” she says. “Just talk very calmly and happily: ‘This is your new friend. Don’t be scared.’”
Catnip and treats will help, especially in the beginning. “I reward the dog every time he focuses on me and relaxes,” Johnson-Bennett says. “The dog understands that he’s going to work with me; he’s not going to go chasing after the cat.”
While over time, most cats and dogs come to accept one another, sometimes they never fully warm up to the idea of co-habitation. “There are some house-holds where the dogs and cats are separate,” Shaughness says. “Again, that’s OK. Animals have their preferences just like we do. We just need to make sure they’re having positive experiences.”

Cats and Dogs: The Meet-up

Dogs are clever

Dogs can be as smart as a two year-old child. They have the ability to learn a number of words. Some clever breeds like the Border Collies can understand up to 200 words.

 Dogs have the sniffing superpower

A dog’s sense of smell is 10,000 better than that of the human being. Studies even proved that they can also use this super sniffing power to detect diseases such as cancers and diabetes.

 Check the wagging

A wagging tail is not always a greeting gesture by the dog. When a dog wags its tail to the right this means that it is happy, but when it wags it to the left this could mean it is frightened. If it raises its tail, however, it can mean that it is anxious.

 Smelly paws

Dogs’ paws can get really smelly, this is because the paws are where their sweat glands are located.

 The nose print

A dog’s nose print is a way to differentiate between dogs, as each dog has its own unique nose.

5 Facts That Prove that Dogs Can Be Really Awesome